Practice Exam Essay – Lord of the Flies.

Exam Question: 

  • Describe at least one important technique used in the written text.
    Explain how the technique created an emotional response in you.
    Note: Techniques could include figures of speech, syntax, word-choice, style, symbolism, structure,
    or narrative point-of-view.
  • Describe at least one important object in the written text.
    Explain why that object was important.


  •  Over all idea: There are lots of ideas within humanity that don’t always come to light until you are pushed to your limits – violence, darkness, leadership, conflict, weakness, fears.
  • Pigs head – violence, darkness
  • Conch –  leadership, law and order.
  • Beast- fear, even Ralph was fearful in the end.

Actual piece:

Black = actual piece
Grey = piece i don’t want to delete about a different idea 

Lord of the Flies is a novel written by William Golding, within this many important techniques are used to assist in telling the story, symbolism is one of them. This novel is a story about a group of English students who become stranded on an island, we follow them along their journey to try escape and be rescued but conflict between them leads them to unnecessary problems. Symbolism is used many times throughout this novel to convey alternative ideas about aspects of humanity that aren’t always seen but in particular time are seen. In the text objects can be used to symbolise an idea – like the pigs head on the stick and the conch.

An example of symbolism being used is when the ‘hunters’ kill the sow and leave the head on a stick for the beast as a peace-offering. Within the story, this pigs head, who refers to itself as the Lord of the Flies, is seen as the devil. ” The Lord of the Flies spoke in the voice of a schoolmaster.” A schoolmaster is one usually feared by students as they are the big scary adult who is mean and keeps everyone in line. By saying that he spoke in the voice of the schoolmaster, the author is saying that he spoke as a bad person, someone with authority who uses and abuses it just like the devil. The pigs head haunts the character Simon aswell. “Simon found he was looking into a vast mouth. There was blackness within, a blackness that spread.” This is a quote describing what the ‘head on the stick’ looked like.  This blackness is apart of that, this quote is written from Simon’s perspective so it’s symbolizing the darkness within Simon’s head at this time because of the conflict between the two main characters that is effecting him and also the darkness that is at the back of his mind, just like everyone’s. Blackness also symbolises violence, violence is within everyone, it is something that is either hidden or seen in a person. When people are faced with challenges, much like those in the story, this violence awakens and is shown, like when you are having a bad day at school, someone just does one thing that angers you and you burst, all that anger and violence inside of you explodes and you turn violent and punch them in the face. You didn’t intend for that violence to occur but when you are under pressure little things can turn into big things because your mind is preoccupied, the things at the back of your mind that don’t usually rise do, one of them is violence.

 The object of the conch brought the group of English boys together at the start of the novel when they were all scattered across the island.“We can use this to call the others. Have a meeting. They’ll come when they hear us—” this marked the time when the conch became the signal for every meeting, when the conch sound was heard anywhere on the island, it gave a signal to everyone that they needed to gather.
The conch symbolises law and order as the conch brung everyone together, it was the call for every meeting and it was used as a speaking tool to allow order – whoever had the conch was allowed to speak,
“I got the conch-, I got the right to speak.”
The boys no longer had parents and authoritative figures to govern, “Aren’t there any grownups?” “No.” “Then we’ll have to look after ourselves.” This left them all feeling helpless and scared about what could happen, people had to step up and take the lead; this was Ralph and Jack, the conch showed them the way and gave them the chance to come together and whoever had the conch was seen as the leader as well. The conch gave them a sense of power, power they wouldn’t have had, to do what was necessary to keep going if they had never found the conch. The conch was mainly in Ralph’s possession, he was voted chief by the boys at the start for this very reason. They knew that the conch brung them together and since Ralph was the first person seen with it he was immediately the one seen with the power. “The being that had blown that, had sat waiting for them on the platform with the delicate thing balanced on his knees, was set apart.””Him with the shell.”  From their Ralph had to learn to lead, he had to bring that idea of leadership from inside him out so he could look after everyone and get rescued. Jack always got in the way of this by contradicting him, this created conflict between the two as Jack always saw himself as the leader – he was the leader of the choir back home but they were no longer at home and he struggled to remember that and know when to let others lead. In life they say that there can only be one top dog, like wolves – one alpha, these are the ones who their leadership is seen and sometimes these people are the ones who were never expected to lead others but when fate is tempted they surprise you and their leadership just come naturally from within – another hidden feature from inside of them arising. 

“In color the shell was deep cream, touched here and there with fading pink. Between the point, worn away into a little hole, and the pink lips of the mouth, lay eighteen inches of shell with a slight spiral twist and covered with a delicate, embossed pattern.”

The conch was another object used as symbol to symbolise an idea, the conch signified leadership, it allowed leadership to occur, things to be shared and brought people together, symbolising law and order between the boys all over the island.

“We can use this to call the others. Have a meeting. They’ll come when they hear us—” It was the starting point for the boys on the island, it is what brought them together, the character Ralph – a twelve year old English boy and Piggy were the first two to meet, they found the conch. Piggy recalled his auntie once telling him that you “blew from down here” putting his hands on his abdomen, he thought that they could use this to signal the other English boys who were scattered around the island. Ralph blew the conch, “I bet you can hear that for miles” Piggy said, soon after that the other boys heard it and came just like they would if a teacher asked them to come inside back at school,  this  marked the time of their first meeting. In this part of the text the conch is an important object as it is what brings all the English boys together, its the powerful figure that . In the world there is always something that brings people or things together, whether it is a common interest, a class they have a school together or a bus they both take to work everyday there is always something …

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