Macbeth – Scene Analysis

-ACT 1-

Act 1, Scene 1: Summary

Characters: Three Witches (1,2,3)

Location: A desert place.

Time: Unknown – Before the end of the battle

Events: The witches plan to meet again after the battle is over. They plan to meet Macbeth on the heath.

Quote: “Fair is foul, and foul is fair” – Paradox

Act 1, Scene 2: Summary

Characters: King Duncan, Malcolm Donalbain, Lennox, Attendants, Sergeant, Rosse, Angus.

Location: A camp near Forres.

Time: Unknown – End of the battle.

Events: Sergeant meets the King & Malcolm all bloody and tells him about whats happened, the bravery of Macbeth, before he finishes he tells of his injuries and get . Rosse & Lennox arrive and complete the story telling of a traitor – Thane of Cawdor whom gets sentenced to death and the problems and his things get given on to Macbeth – the enemy want to bury the bodies but the King demands money ($10000) before they can do so.

Quote: “I’ll see it done.” “What he hath lost, noble Macbeth hath won.” – A couplet.

Act 1, Scene 3: Summary

Characters: Witches – 1,2,3; Macbeth, Banquo, Rosse, Angus

Location: A heath near Forres.

Time: After the battle.

Events: Witches meet and discuss the mischief they’ve been up to. Macbeth and Banquo arrive not knowing what the things before them are, they tell Macbeth what will happen to him  in the future but don’t tell Banquo what will happen to him till he asks – This could create controversy between the two. Neither know how the witches know this then the witches vanish. The two try to get their heads around all the witches have said. Rosse and Angus arrive. Rosse tells of the news the king was told about the war, Angus gives thanks from the king and calls them to come to the king, Macbeth is told he is to be Thane of Cawdor and the king, the story of the traitor is told. They’re thanked, Macbeth and Banquo talk about what the witches have said wondering if all could actually be true. Macbeth still doesn’t understand it quite but he happy about being king without having to do anything.

Quote:”Think upon what hath chanc’d; and at more time, The interim having weigh’d it, let us speak Our free hearts each other” – Macbeth.

Notes: They use dramatic irony when the audience knows something that not all characters know.

Act 1 Scene 4: Summary

Characters: King Duncan, Lennox, Malcolm, Donalbain, Attendants, Macbeth, Banquo, Rosse amd Angus.

Location: Forres. A room in the palace.

Time: Unknown, After the battle.

Events: The King finds out that Cawdor has died, yet did in with great honor of his traitorous deeds. Macbeth, Banquo, Rosse and Angus enter. King Duncan is ever so grateful for everyone doing’s and talks about how his son is the eldest so therefor will inherit the thrown. This is added by the author to create a blog-age in Macbeth’s desires to inherit the thrown himself, like the witches said in the scene before. Macbeth hides his dark desires from the world around him and even himself, being in a state of denial as he talks to the King Duncan and co. (“Stars, hide you fires! Let not….” etc Quote) and follow Macbeth to his house saying:”It is a peerless kinsman” referring to Macbeth.

Quote: ” The Prince of Cumberland! That is a step on which i must fall down, or else o’erleap.” – Macbeth.

Act 1, Scene 5: Summary.

Characters: Lady Macbeth, Macbeth’s messenger and Macbeth.

Location: Inverness, Macbeth’s castle.

Time: After the war, before King Duncan arrives.

Events: Lady Macbeth receives a letter from Macbeth telling of all that has happened before and how being king could be his destiny, she fails to have faith that he can do what he has to do to succeed. She wishes traits of a warrior on herself and her female qualities to go undercover so she can do what Macbeth can’t; though she doesn’t want it to be seen by god as it is a deed of traitorous acts.  The messenger tells of the kings arrival to her home and so does Macbeth, though he dismisses her words without much thought but she reassures him  and practically demands what needs to be done will be done, as the king is coming today and is meant to leave the next day but if Lady Macbeth has it her way he won’t see the morning.

Quote: “That my keen knife see not he wound it makes, nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark To cry, “Hold, Hold!””

Act 1, Scene 6: Summary

Characters: King Duncan, Malcolm, Donalbain, Banquo, Lennox, Macduff, Rosse, Angus, Attendants, Lady Macbeth.

Location: Before Macbeth’s Castle

Time: After the war.

Events: King Duncan arrives at Macbeth’s castle, talking about how nice the weather is and everything is so nice. Banquo backs the king in a very over the top way which could be be because he know that Macbeth wants to be king and has been told that he will be king so he suspects that something may happen whilst he is there. Lady Macbeth arrives to greet them and the king says how nice it is to be there and she returns the gratitude in an overly way. King then asks of Macbeth – Thane of Cawdor, and asks to be taken to him, their host.

Quote: “Give me your hand, Conduct me to mine host, we love him highly, And shall continue our graces towards him. By your leave, hostess.” – King Duncan (End scene quote)

Note: At this stage blood hasn’t been spilled in awhile, the only deaths have been of those at war which was never actually seen by the audience so they may be getting bored – here they know what could happen but might not, they are waiting to see what will happen as they know the thoughts of Lady Macbeth and Macbeth which other characters do not know.

Act 1, Scene 7: Summary

Characters: Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Servants

Location: A room in Macbeth’s castle – a sewer with hoboys and torches with servants cleaning dishes.

Time: After the war.

Events: Macbeth enters the sewer with servants around and tells the audience his feelings – he is thinking, the consequences of what could happen if he try/succeeds in killing King Duncan, his morals of how he has been taught things. How he has double trust with the King as he is his brother, his kinsman and his subject – all things that should result in him fighting against danger, shut the door of danger getting to him , not be the person to hold the knife and do the deed. Also that King Duncan is a good person with good virtues. He talks about why would do it then goes to talk about why he should do it but is cut short as Lady Macbeth enters telling of the kings arrival and request to see him. Macbeth tells her that he will not go through with the plan as he has honored him of late and that is not how to return the gesture. Shes talks as though something is wrong with him, was he drunk? That she doesn’t like the man, she liked the one who wanted what she wanted, wasn’t a coward etc. She was angry and gave him her well though out opinion of what she thought of him backing out, she talks of all she could do if she had known he would do this. Macbeth asks if they should fail and she says that they will not if they have courage then talks of how they’ll do it when the king is asleep, drunken his guards so they never know what happened and set it up to hold them accountable for his death. Macbeth says how Lady Macbeth should bring forward only male children as she is so strong and men are the strong one, then just agrees to go along with the plan.

Quote: “I dare do all the may become a man; Who dares do more is none” – Macbeth’s reply when Lady Macbeth says he isn’t a man because he won’t follow the plan. “False face must hide what the false heart doth know” – Macbeth -refereeing how he feels at the end of the scene.

-Act 2-

Act 2, Scene 1: Summary

Characters: Banquo, Fleance, Macbeth, Servant.

Location: The court of Macbeth’s castle.

Time: After the war

Events: Banquo and Fleance must know of the acts that will occur to the king, they talk of how the time has not come, that it will come as the bell of the clock ring, they talk of what will happen not knowing whether it is a good thing or a bad thing. Banquo gives Fleance his belt and dagger. Macbeth and a servant enter with a torch. Banquo is curious as to why Macbeth isn’t in bed as king Duncan is in bed – he speaks briefly of the kindness and pleasure the king has given towards Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. Macbeth mentions how being unprepared ‘ our will become the servant to defeat” – the time for failure so they can’t be unprepared as they were already unprepared for the visit. Banquo mentions a dream of the 3 ‘weird sisters’ witches to that they have showed some truth in their foretelling. They cant think of them as there is no time Macbeth replies. Banquo states how he is on his side but doesn’t exactly believe completely in what he is going to do, Macbeth doesn’t mind this. Macbeth does a soliloquy, he can’t wait for this to be over, he imagine how things will play out, he hasn’t done it yet but he can see it, he’s worried of how things may turn out, he thinks of how he is going to do it and that no one will find out. The bell rings, signally that Lady Macbeth has taken care of the guards, put them to sleep and its time for him to kill the king.

Quote: “Words to the heat of deeds to cold breath gives”  – Macbeth.

Act 2, Scene 2: Summary

Characters: Lady Macbeth, Macbeth

Location: The court of Macbeth’s castle

Time: Unknown

Events: Lady Macbeth enters the court and announces what she has done – drugged the King’s guards and laid there daggers beside them covered in the blood of the king. She thinks about the figures of life and death and how the fate of the servants will be. She is still slightly drunk which seems to empower her courageous acts of killing the king and framing the guards. Macbeth enters and they speak of what will happen, Macbeth states that ‘this is a sorry sight’ which shows how he is nervous and scared about what he has done and the repercussions of it, but Lady Macbeth just thinks that is foolish and believes that what they did was right and is right. Duncan has been killed, Macbeth hates what he has done as it is not in his nature as he feels really guilty and doesn’t know what will be able to do and Lady Macbeth is happy, shes queen and nothing seems to be able to have worried her. Macbeth feels great guilt and doesn’t like what they have done, he expresses this and she becomes angrier as she says she could have done it herself. Macbeth doesn’t like the blood on his hands as it was different to what he would normally have – blood from those at war not a king. He doesn’t see how he can get it off as it is a sin, he ‘will make oceans red.’ Lady Macbeth still seems unharmed by what they have done and sees it as being able to be washed away with water but i think that feeling may change eventually.


Act 2, Scene 3: Summary

Characters: Porter, Macduff, Lennox, Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Banquo, Rosse, Malcolm, Donalbain.

Location:The court of Macbeth’s castle.

Time: Unknown – After the war.

Events: Porter hears a knock at the door and speculates of who is at the door as they continue to knock. Macduff and Lennox enter, Macduff wonders why he were up so late, accusing him of drinking., it is told of their night of ‘carousing’ and drinking. Porter tells of what drinking does to men: drinking provokes -nose painting, sleep and urine. Macbeth enters, they exchanged greetings and asks if King Duncan has awaken yet, showing that they are there as ordered by the king to wake him, Macbeth points Macduff in the direction of the king and Macduff leaves. Lennox and Macbeth make small talk about how the king said he is leaving today and Lennox tells of how ‘the night has been unruly,’ something not right even outside the castle, Lennox can’t remember anything being that bad before – the balance has been obscured since the king was killed in the night but only Macbeth knows that.  Macduff returns from ‘waking’ the king: ” O horror horror! Tongue nor heart can not conceive nor name the!” The two ask of what has happens (even though MB knows) Macduff describes what he has seen and how he doesn’t know why and sends Macbeth and Lennox to see for themselves, they leave. Macduff screams and tells the castle to ring the alarms , calling everyone to him to know of what has happened. Lady Macbeth enters asking what has happened, Macduff tells her it is not for a lady to see it is that terrible, Banquo enters and is told of the kings death, Lady plays along to not knowing what has happened. Macbeth, Lennox and Rosse enter. Trying to cover his actions he talks of how its taken the life out of everything as the king is everything. Malcolm and Donalbain enter asking what has happened, they’re told of the events, by whom is asked and everyone assumes it is the guards as they were in his chamber all bloody, Macbeth says how he was so made when they went in he killed them, Lady plays drama queen. Malcolm and Donalbain can see that this could be turned to them so they speak aside together of holding their tongues not saying anything. Lady Macbeth faints and leaves. They know how bad it looks. Everyone agrees to hold their heads together and figure out what really happened as they don’t think that this was purely the guards – Macbeth agrees to do this maybe to make sure they don’t end up suspecting him but that could lead to him digging a bigger hole of lies. Malcolm and Donalbain decide to leave one to England and Ireland as they are better apart so they can’t be killed, ‘the nears in blood, the nearer bloody’ saying that they think someone close to them did this so they need to get away to be safe as they don’t know if they can trust their family and friends.

Quote:”Our separated fortune Shall keep us both safer. Where we are, There’s daggers in men’s smiles; the near in blood, the nearer bloody.” – Donalbain alluding to how they are unsafe –  a problem in the upcoming plot?

Note: After a tension moment- the death of king Duncan, a writer will create a light moment of laughter to release the tension.

Act 2, Scene 4: Summary

Characters: Rosse, Old Man, Macduff

Location: Outside Macbeth’s castle.

Time: Unknown.

Events: Rosse and old man talk – the old man has never seen anything like what is happening now, Rosse thinks something is wrong as its dark when it should be light, the horses eating each other, animals so tame attacking the people. The natural balance has gone obscured. Macduff arrives, they ask of any new news of the king – it is still agreed that the guards did it but made by Malcolm and Donalbain as they have fled and there where about is unknown but even this is unnatural as it is their father. Macbeth is inline for the thrown and is on his way to be crowned. Rosse asks of Duncan body, it is being taken to Colmekill, Macduff will return to Fife and Rosse will go with the body, they farewell each other and hope nothing else will go wrong.

Quote:”God’s bension go with you, and with those That would make good of bad, and friends of foes!” – The old man telling wise words hoping that nothing else could go wrong/unnatural.

Note: It’s a scene to communicate the events.

-Act 3-

Act 3, Scene 1: Summary

Characters: Banquo, Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Lennox, Rosse, Lords, Attendants, Servant, Two Murderers

Location: Forres – The palace

Time: Unknown

Events: Banquo thinks that Macbeth become king by doing something bad – since he was with him when the witches told his fate. Enter others. A great supper is to be held tonight as Macbeth has become king. Lady Macbeth and Macbeth invite everyone but banquo says how he cant as he is going for a ride on his horse this arvo. Macbeth seems curious about this as he asks how far? As far as he can go by the evening he says basically. Though Macbeth says be back for the feast. Macbeth mentions the kings sons who are assumed to be the killers and their where about and how they are making lies to hide what they did. Macbeth asks Banquo if Fleance his son will go with him and yes he is and Macbeth farewells them and Banquo exists. He says a goodbye to everyone else hoping to see them tonight and they leave. Macbeth asks for the 2 murderers, while he is waiting he does a soliloquy saying that he fears banquo who is very loyal and could tell of what he has done as he was with him when the witches had said it was in his fate to be king. He talks of how he has no children to inherit the crown and that banquos kids will take it and he doesn’t want that, hes jealous he has done what he has to get the crown and they will get it by doing nothing. Two murderers enter and it is brought to the audiences attention that they spoke yesterday. Macbeth makes banquo as the bad guy making everything that has happened to them banquo’s fault and not his, he asks them if they can let that go, let Banquo get away with what he did to them and forgive him. They can’t. Macbeth reminds them of how low they are in society. Macbeth then says: “Both of you Know Banquo is your enemy”, and that he is his as well but he can’t do anything to him because it would not be see well by their mutual friends. Murderers agree to do what Macbeth wants. He tells them to be spy’s do the job cleanly and well, murdering his son as well since Macbeth has no use for him either, they agree and leave and Macbeth’s says it will happen tonight Banquo will be dead.

Quote: “Upon my head they plac’d a fruitless crown, And put a barren sceptre in my gripe.” – Macbeth – using ‘fruitless’ and ‘barren’ to talk about him having no seeds, no children to inherit them afterwards.

Act 3, Scene 2: Summary

Characters: Lady Macbeth, Waiting Gentlewoman, Macbeth

Location: Forres, the Palace


Events:Lady Macbeth clarifies with the gentle woman of banquos where about and requests to talk to the king. Lady Macbeth doesn’t feel like it has worked out for her, it hasn’t made a difference. Macbeth arrives. She tells him to move on from his source of anxiety and regret for killing. He says they can not relax in their success as their is still danger. She still encourages him to relax since he is paranoid. Macbeth speaks of his feelings and how he must conceal his true feelings as he can’t let anybody else see them at the risk of them finding out what he has done. (“Make our faces vizards to our hearts, disguising what they are”) Macbeth speaks of Banquo, his feelings of him and Lady Macbeth asks what is to be done but Macbeth wont tell her as if she doesn’t know she can honestly say she doesn’t know instead he invokes dark images refereeing to what will be done.

Quote: “Full of scorpions in my mind” – refereeing to Macbeth’s state of mind, that he has a mind full of deadly thoughts.

“We have scorched the snake, not killed it, she’ll close herself and be herself, whilst our poor malice remains in danger of her former tooth” – another quote by Macbeth revealing how he feelings about everything – the snake being king Duncan.


Act 3, Scene 3: Summary

Characters: Murderers (1st, 2nd, 3rd), Banquo, Fleance.

Location: Forres, a park near the palace

Time: Unknown

Events: The 3 murderers are stationed ready waiting for Banquo and Fleance, they say how they need Macbeth’s trust and he needs his. They see Banquo and Fleance at far, as they get closer Banquo and Fleance get off their horses since they are within a mile off the palace as it is shows curtosy. They assault Banquo, Banquo instructs Fleance to escape. Banquo dies, Fleance escapes leaving the murderers with an unfinished mission.

Quote: “O, treachery! Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly, fly! Thou mayst revenge. O slave!” – Banquo, the moment he realizes what is happening and his last ever words before he dies.

Act 3, Scene 4: Summary

Characters: Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Rosse, Lennox, Lord, Lords, Attendants, First murderer, Ghost of Banquo.

Location: A room of state in the palace

Time: Unknown

Events: The party begins, as a celebration of Macbeth becoming king. Macbeth makes an opening, as he is about to start his rounds he goes to the door to see the murderer where he learns that Banquo is dead, slashed throat with 20 gashes in his head ‘safe in a ditch,’ he learns that Fleance escaped – this means that they way Macbeth should have felt with both them murdered is not there as they aren’t both dead. He says they will meet again – murderer plus him. He returns to the party, Lady Macbeth says to Macbeth that he needs to forget whatever it is that has happened and focus on the party. Banquo’s ghost enters and sits in Macbeth’s seat. Everyone continues talking not noticing the ghost except for Macbeth, everyone tells him to sit down but he doesn’t because he can see the ghost there, everyone finds this weird as he talks to banquo, they say he’s sick and they need to leave but Lady Macbeth tells them to say as it is a ‘common occurrence’ for him, she says to ‘extend his passion’ and then once ghost banquo leaves Macbeth says a toast to the general joy of the world and Banquo who isn’t there but is wished to be. The ghost re enters and Macbeth goes ‘mad’ again, talking to the ghost, then leaves again. But Macbeth continues to talk, Rosse asks what is happening and Lady Macbeth says not to ask things as it enrages him. They decide to leave Macbeth to it and they all farewell each other and leave. Macbeth and Lady macbeth talk thinking that it is weird that Macduff isn’t there, Macbeth says how he will go see the witches tomorrow and find out what is to come. She says he lacks sleep and they go to sleep, stating that they are still young.

Quote: “to the weird sisters. More shall they speak” – Macbeth stating what is to come.

Act 3, Scene 5: Summary

Characters: Three witches, Hecat (lead witch)

Location: A heath with thunder.


Events: The Hecat the main complains that she wasn’t involved in the hassling of Macbeth, she says tomorrow she is going to meet with Macbeth and show him his destiny, she is going to draw him on with his confusion making him feel worse, she is going to deny fate, shes going to project his mortality and make his ruining. She is going to do this with deceitful spirits telling him of events that will occur (but not truly occur) which will remove his fear of them, and make him overly confident which will destroy him. Since everything the witches has previously said has been true he will believe this and it will empower him to the point where he can’t control it.

Quote: ” He shall spurn fate, scorn death, and bear his hopes above wisdom, grace and fear, and you all know, security is mortals chiefest enemy” – Hecat – towards Macbeth he will turn fate, avoid death, and give him high hopes of wisdom, make him all good and remove his fear, and security – over confidence is a bad thing.

Notes: Humans weakness is our desire to live on while witches are immortal, by telling a human the can be immortal can empower them.

Act 3, Scene 6: Summary

Characters: Lennox, Lord

Location: Forres, the palace.

Time: Unknown

Event: Lennox says that things are going wrong the king is dead, Banquo is dead killed by fleance they think as he fled. He asks ironically, Macbeth was so upset of Duncan’s death that he killed those who did it,  He is being careful as he doesn’t want to speak badly of the king as he doesn’t know the opinion of the lord. Macduff has done to England where Malcolm plus someone from Northumberland and warlike Siward to talk of helping Scotland and going against the king Macbeth. The people of Scotland are siding with Malcolm as they don’t think Macbeth has got to king the right way things are going wrong, they dont have food, can’t sleep. After more conversation they realise that they both have the same opinions so speak openly against the king. Lennox reveals what he really thinks that he hopes Malcolm will come back with an army and take over Macbeth with the help of God in the hope to have some peace back in Scotland.

Quote: “That by the help of these (with Him above to ratify the work) we may again give to our tables meat, sleep to our nights” – The Lord referring to what they want done.

-Act 4-

Act 4, Scene 1: Summary

Characters: Three witches, Hecat, Macbeth, Apparitions (1,2,3) Kings, Ghost of Banquo and Lennox.

Location: A cavern.

Time: Unknown.

Events: Witches meet and invoke darkness and their evil intents and talk of all the ingredients they need, lots which are really rare so the spell they are making must be very powerful – like the plants only able to be gathered in an moons eclipse,e.g ‘Nose of Turk.’ Hecat enters – they create an entertainment that is pure witches, they sing “Black spirits” etc and Hecat exists. Macbeth enters and goes to great length to say that all the bad things around are because of you, even by asking this he doesn’t care if this invokes all the bad things like – people getting lost, trees blown down, castled topple etc – he doesn’t care if nature is destroyed he wants to know things.- he does this to show that he is conscience that this is all on him. The witches say do you want to hear from them or the king, and Macbeth definitely wants the king witch as he is king. The witches ask hecat to come, thunder comes she invokes apparitions to show what will happen. The first one states to be weary of Macduff, Thane of fife, he says good warning he thought that cheers. The second apparition arrives and states no one can kill you whom are born of a woman(human). Macbeth states how he feels good and won’t have to fear things but he will still kill Macduff to feel secure. The third apparition arrives and Macbeth needs a but of clarification of what it is, he states that he will never be betten in war until the forest moves up the mountain to the castle, saying that basically something impossible will have to happen for him to be betten, given him a sense of security. Macbeth doesn’t believe what he can says but he is amazed by it, giving him self a false confidence, the audience also is amazed by ‘a forest moving’ and the power that a witch can have. Banquo’s issue – Fleance is still on his mind so he asks about him, they won’t tell him but he fights back saying he will curse him if they don’t. The witches decide to show him the show of eight kings whom are kids of Banquo’s and kids of theirs. Macbeth notes how they all look like Banquo and is disgusted by what he sees, they disappear. Nothing the witches have told them before so this must be true as well even if he doesn’t like it,, the witches have done what was ask and they disappear, confusing Macbeth. Lennox enters having not seen the witches, he brings news that Macduff has fled to England. He resolves to kill Macduff and his family, everyone close to them, doing all this as he gets the idea in his heart, acting on his instincts and not thinking them through.

Quote: “Time, thou anticipates my dread exploits: The flighty purpose never is overtook Unless the deed go with it. From this moment the very firstlings of my heart shall be The firstlings of my hand. and even now, to crown my thoughts with acts, be it thought be it done….no boasting like a fool, this deed I’ll do before this purpose cool…”  – Macbeth- the incites from the witches have given him false confidence like they intended to, Macbeth thinks this to be a blessing but little does he know that it seems to be destroying him already as this quote shows how even in that little space of time he has changed no longer will he think things through, he will do them without thinking of consequences since he believes he is invinsable, his ambition has grown and it will be the end of him, because it has changed his state of mind to evil and mean he is willing to do whatever to stay king.

Notes: ‘thunder’ signifies the audience that it is the witches time.  If a director wants to invoke a sense of unrealistic things then they often get characters to speak together in unison, since how could each witch know what the other is going to say,

Apparitions seen: An armed head (a head with a vise) whose message is a warning to watch out for Macduff. A bloody child – saying that no one of a woman born shall harm Macbeth. A child crowned, with a tree in his hand – who states that he will never be beaten in war until the forest (Birnan wood) moves up the mountain to the castle, saying basically that something impossible will have to happen for him to be beaten, giving him a sense of security. Show of eight kings, ghost of Banquo followed by the next line of kings following from Banquo’s kids (his kids, his kids, then there kids etc) – stating that they have the right to the thrown, making Macbeth threatened since he has no kids to be king. The last one going against everything he has been told.

Act 4, Scene 2: Summary

Characters: Lady Macduff, Son, Rosse, Messenger, First and Second Murderers.

Location: Fife. Macduff’s castle.

Time: Unknown.

Events: Lady Macduff, her son and Rosse enter. Lady Macduff is finding out that her husband has gone to England and she doesn’t understand why – she uses a metaphor to say that he should be there defending his family but he is not. Rosse speaks on behalf of Macduff and gives her faith that things will be okay. He leaves. Lady Macduff and her son talk of Macduff about him being a traitor and is he a father? She says that even though he technically has a father he is fatherless sinc ein a time and need his father disappears instead of protecting his family proving that he is a traitor.They speak of who a traitor is as well. The messenger arrives and goes at great risk to warm them that they could be hurt and to leave and leaves. She states that to do harm is rewarded but to do good in endanger. Murderers enter and ask of Macduff, the traitor, the son says something and they call him an egg – young and stabs him repeatedly. Then the son says to his mother that he is dead and to run away, he dies and lady Macduff cries murderer and it is assumed that everyone, she and he children are killed.

Quote: “Why i can buy me twenty at any market” – Lady Macduff referring to being able to get a new husband easily, a common woman comment.

“Why, one that swears and lies” Lady Macduff’s response to her son asking what a traitor is since she called his Dad a traitor, her opinion is that it is someone who lies and swear, who makes a promise then doesn’t go through with it, she states that they must be hung, every single one of them by honest men because they are not good men and they should be rid of. Honest men need to hang them because the non honest are the ones getting hung. “for there are liars and swearer enow to beat the honest men and hang them up” the son states referring to how good men are most often done harm for doing good things, that there are enough ‘traitors’ to take over the honest. This relates to how in society teenagers can lose status for being a good person and going against a bad person, e.g someone does something wrong so the tell on them but that just leads to them getting picked on so more often than not good people don’t stand up for what’s right instead they are stood over by bad people. Which in context he is saying that their world is being over taken by bad people traitors and they don’t see it ever changing again.

Act 4, Scene 3: Summary

Characters: Malcolm, Macduff, English Doctor, Rosse

Location: England, Before the King’s Palace

Time: Unknown

Events: Malcolm and Macduff talk. People are dying, mothers, fathers, children, everyone, smacking sadness in everyone’s faces. Bad stuff is happening in Scotland, They are reminding England of what is happening there. Malcolm states that he is going to avenge this, he is going to make it right. He speaks of Macbeth who use to be honest, trusted and they loved him, he hasn’t hurt you yet. They both have Macbeth as a mutual enemy but Malcolm more as he killed his father. Malcolm stil wants to be a good man but some things have to be done. Macduff have lost all hope, Malcolm doesn’t understand why he left his family at home alone, he is curious as to why he has gone to England and done so. Macduff stand ups for himself saying that he is not an enemy he shouldn’t be feared. Malcolm says that he has a right for the thrown, as his father said so and since people no longer think him as a murderer they will support him. He says that he has more vices than Macbeth does so if he kills him the country will have a king with more vices. Macduff doesn’t understand this, Malcolm presents himself as an evil person to try to see if Macduff is loyal to him and on his side, he does this since he still thinks Macduff may be on Macbeth’s side. Macduff says no one could be worse than Macbeth. Malcolm agrees that he is the worst but that he could do worse as he would rape all woman even if they said no to him, he does this to represent himself as the bad guy more. But Macduff still believes that Macbeth is worse, he say It is true someone who can hold himself back from doing what he wants would be a bad person but he should still be king, he will get want he wants as he is so important and people like that, so don’t worry. Malcolm says it will create a badness inside him he is greedy he will take things off his noble men , all their money, jewels and house this will only make him want more. Malcolm is wanting Macduff to be on Macbeth’s side. Macduff believes he will get enough wealth but Malcolm doesn’t think he has what he needs: justice, verity, temperance, stableness, bounty, perseverance, mercy, lowliness, devotion, patience and courage. If he is king he will make things bad, Malcolm talks to Scotland how can the country live if the king is as evil as he says, King Duncan was a good man. Malcolm states how he was testing Macduff since Macbeth has sent many things to try get Macduff onside but now god has showed that he is loyal to him, he says how he hasn’t done anything bad and he never will do any of the things he said. He says how he has 10 000 men on his side my England, he asks him to come back to Scotland with him but it is hard to understand what he just said since he said he was evil and now he said he is good, Macduff is confused. Doctor comes in and states how the king can touch people and see things. Malcolm talks of this disease he has, how he has the touch of heal, he can see the future, he talks so high of England king as to make Macbeth look even more evil. Rosse arrives, the talk of Scotland and what it is like. Macduff asks of his family, Rosse says that they are well when he left them. Stop being reluctant Macduff says so Rosse suggests that everyone in Scotland would fight for him against Macbeth even the woman. Rosse states he has something bad to say that he wishes no one could here, Macduff queries if it is to do with the whole country or one, if it is about him he wants to know. Rosse says of his wife being killed, Malcolm try to come to terms with what was just said as well as Macduff, Macduff asks of his children and he finds out they are dead too, he wishes he was home now and thinks he should have been there. Macduff doesn’t understand why this would happen, he thinks it is his fault as he left them. Malcolm says use your anger use this to fight for your country. Macduff has decided he is going to kill Macbeth. Malcolm states that they are going to fight and Macbeth should be scared.

Quote: Extended metaphor – “I think our country sinks beneath the yoke” –  as if the country is a beast of productivity on a farm, the country an animal enslaved.

“Be called our mother, but our grave” – referring to the country that was once alive and their life but is now their death.

Act 5, Scene 1: Summary

Characters: Doctor of Physic, Waiting Gentlewoman, Lady Macbeth.

Location: Dunsinane. An anteroom in the castle.

Time: Unknown.

Events: The Doctor and Gentlewoman  suggest Lady Macbeth is sleep walking, The gentlewoman is hearing Lady Macbeth in her sleep walking status …. Lady Macbeth only sleeps with the lights on, constantly rubbing her hands – believing her hands have blood and how she can’t get them off, this is also metaphoric as the blood refers to the actions she has taken which she can’t take back. She says why would they fear anything when they are the strongest but Macbeth has so much blood in him. At this stage the two are scared as they are hearing things they know they shouldn’t know, they are scared as they think if she finds out they know they will kill them. They talk how she is so upset, they wouldn’t wish to feel like that. The doctor thinks this is beyond his practice – it a psychological disease and people can recover but some die. Lady Macbeth has been taken over by the guilt she has after all that she and Macbeth have done. Lady Macbeth leave and the Doctor points out that she will go straight to bed, that she needs spiritual help from the gods not anything else, they agree to not speak of what she has said as well. Lady Macbeth has gone mentally insane, crazy with regret, putting her servants at risk since she is telling them things that could get them killed.

Quote: “Wash your hands, put on your nightgown, look not so pale. I tell you yet again, Banquo’s buried; he cannot come out on ‘s grave.” – It is as if Lady Macbeth is trying to make light in how she feels, telling herself to move on forget what is done because Banquo can’t come back to get you .Lady Macbeth is basically giving away what has happened, before she has said things that the others could assume could mean back things but now she is actually specifically saying bad things. Banquo must be on her mind, the guilt for him must be the worst as she is mentioning him in her craziness but not anyone else.

Note: Lady Macbeth isn’t speaking in panambic which could be because of her state of mind at this stage is so bad.

Act 5, Scene 2: Summary

Characters: Menteth, Cathness, Angus, Lennox, Soldiers.

Location: The country near Dunsinane.

Time: Unknown

Events: The Scottish army are heading towards the English soldiers lead by Malcolm, his uncle Siwards and Macduff.. Angus states that they will meet them near Birnan Wood, it is asked if Donalbain will be there too but he is not, the English army is said to be made up of many young men, barely men “protest(ing) their first of manhood but this can often be said about the opposing side. The Scottish soldiers even realise that Macbeth is corrupt, but since they are loyal to Macbeth they have to protect him against the English who are trying to overthrow him since he has gone mad and fight for their country of Scotland. The Scottish army are ready to fight, the march to meet the English.

Quote: “His secret murders sticking on his hands”, Angus, this quote continues through the story about the blood on Macbeth’s hands as a symbol of what has happened.  “Near Birnan wood Shall we meet them….” Angus, this quote is good as it refers to one of the apparitions that the witches showed Macbeth where it stated that he would be beaten when that forest moved up this hill, this is known by the audiences so could cause want to know what will happen and if that will happen.



Act 5, Scene 3: Summary

Characters: Macbeth, English Doctor, Attendants, Servant, Seyton.

Location: Dunsinane. A room in the castle.

Time: Unknown

Events: Macbeth is asserting his confidence and reminding himself of the apparitions that the witches showed. The servant enters and Macbeth treats him rudely he reports that there are 10,000 soldiers, to which Macbeth just gets angry and comments about the servant’s pale face. He states that as he is getting older in hs case he is not going to have what others have because of the choices he has made, no honor, love, obedience, troops of friends.. People are saying the things they think Macbeth is wanting to here but he can see though them. Seyton enters confirming what the servant said Macbeth wants his armor he wants to get out there, send more houses, get rid of those who are scared. Macbeth asks of Lady Macbeth and begs the doctor to save her of her craziness. but their is nothing he can do she has to do it herself. Hes useless to Macbeth. Everyone is leaving Macbeth he wants the doctor to do something to the land and the people to keep them. Macbeth is trying to reach for an easy solution, a medical solution. He is asking of something completely impossible. Macbeth says bring it on, he will not be afraid of death until what the apparitions showed comes true – “till Birnan forest come to dunsinane. The doctors says that if he wasn’t in dusinane there is no way that he would ever want to come back by any means.

Quote: “The English force, so please you” – servant – the servant could say this sarcastically. “Were i from dunsinane away and clear, Profit again should hardly draw me here” – doctor- again showing that no one wants to be there under Macbeth as king, they are only still there because they are loyal to him, and if they had a chance to leave nothing would be able to bring them back. It shows that Macbeth is losing everyone.

Act 5, Scene 4: Summary

Characters: Malcolm, Siward, Macduff, Seward’s Son, Menteth, Cathness, Angus, Lennox, Rosse, Soldiers.

Location: Country near Birnan wood.

Time: Unknown

Events: They near the point where the battle will begin. Every soldier will cut a branch down as camouflage so no one can see how many of them they are, concealing who they are until they are right on top of the other army, taking them by surprise. They know that Macbeth will stay in the castle until they have exhausted every other option/way and he is the last resource. The only people that serve him now are people who have to but aren’t actually wanting to. They want to do this well. They march off saying they are concealed by the nature not seen by anyone else.

Quote: “What is the wood before us?” “The wood of Birnan” This is telling the audience of where they are to let the recollect their thoughts and realise that this relates to one of the apparitions the witches showed that could mean the end of Macbeth. “Whose hearts are absent to” – referring to those protecting Macbeth, who don’t want to but have to as they are loyal, this continues on the thought that everyone is leaving Macbeth.

Act 5, Scene 5: Summary

Characters: Macbeth, Seyton, Soldiers, Macbeth’s messenger.

Location: Dunsinane, within the castle.

Time: Before the final battle.

Events: Macbeth still continues to believe that he can’t be defeated, he believe that the castle walls are strong enough to stand anyhting, if they don’t want him then they will not be forced, he will send them back to where they came from, refering to the army coming. He hears a cry, the cry of death from Lady Macbeth, emotions come back to him, fear and his senses, he wonders what he is now fighting for, he feels that there is no meaning of life. His messenger comes and scared, tells him that he Birnan wood is moving, Macbeth firstly doesn’t believe him, he threatens the messenger about how he would hang him if he finds out he is lying. He fears that he could be over thrown but vows to fight.

Quote: “I have almost forgotten the taste of fears” – Macbeth, his feelings and emotions coming back to him making him think.

“I should report that which i say i saw, but know not how to do’t” “I look’d toward birnan and anon mehtough the wood began to move” – Messenger – telling Macbeth what he fears most, the prophosy shown by the witches that he wouldn’t be harmed until the birnan wood moved, now one of his biggest fears is occuring, he begins to fear that he will be taken down/.

Act 5, Scene 6: Summary

Characters: Malcolm, Siward, Macduff

Location: Dunsinane, before the castle.

Time: Unknown

Events: Malcolm states that they are near enough, he wants everyone to show who they are, get rid of their leafy covers. He then gives orders about who will do what and the battle is about to occur.

Quote: “Make all our trumpets speak, give them all breath, those clamorous harbingers of blood and death”- Macduff, saying that they want to be bold and seen and known to all, strong be they and bring about blood and death, taking what they believe is right.

Act 5, Scene 7: Summary

Characters: Macbeth, Young Siward, Macduff, Malcolm, Siward.

Location: A part of the field.

Time: Unknown

Events: Macbeth feels trapped, but he knows he must do what is to be done: fight. He states again that he doesn’t have to fear one born by woman but someone who isn’t. He comes across young Siward, they exchanged remarks, sword fight and Macbeth kills him. He feels power as young Siward was someone born of woman and he defeated him. Macbeth leaves just before Macduff arrives. Macduff wants Macbeth dead for what he did to his family, their ghosts still haunt him, he will stop at nothing to destroy him. Malcolm and Siward enter and report of what is happening, everything is going nicely, Macbeths people are on both sides ready to fight and there is little to do, it is time for them to enter the castle and fight.

Quote: “Thou wast born of woman. But swords i smile at, weapons laugh to scorn, Brandish’d by man that’s of a woman born” – Macbeth, still feeling empowered and immortal, still believing in the prophesies that the witches showed him, that he can never be harmed, defeated.

“That way the noise is. Tyrant, show thy face! If thou beest slain and with no stroke of mine, my wife and children’s ghosts will haunt me still” – Macduff, showing his hatred for Macbeth and that he will stop at nothing to kill him and get him back for what he did, his life will never be complete or better again until he does so.

Act 5, Scene 8: Sumary






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